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Male and Female Medical Students View Skin Cancer Differently

Male and Female Medical Students View Skin Cancer Differently

September 14, 2010

Medical Research, Press Releases

MIAMI, September 14, 2010  — There is a significant disparity between knowledge and attitudes on the dangers of skin cancer among male and female medical students in Florida according to a new study by a joint team of researchers from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev and the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. The study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Archives of Dermatology.

While their overall knowledge was judged to be satisfactory there was a significant difference between male and female students’ knowledge survey scores: 93.1 percent for women vs. 87.7 percent for men. Female students reported more frequent sunscreen use and sun-avoidance behavior and more frequently engaged in other sun-protective behaviors than their male peers.

Overall, men had a lower knowledge level, less appreciation for the importance of sun protection and were less likely to use active sun-protective measures.  It is known that men are at higher risk for melanoma than woman (1:41 compared to 1:61). Gender differences in knowledge and behavior possibly contribute to the higher melanoma incidence and mortality among men over women.  

“What is alarming and ironic is that students who had a family member or personal history with skin cancer actually scored lower on the survey’s knowledge test at 74 percent vs. those who didn’t, scoring an average of 90 percent on the survey,” explains Dr. Yisrael Parmet, a researcher in BGU’s Department of Industrial Engineering and Management. 

“As future physicians, medical students will play an important role in the primary prevention of skin cancer. Their knowledge and awareness will likely impact the effectiveness of the promotion of sun-smart behavior.”

Of the 270 first- and second-year medical students that completed the survey, more than two-thirds of students preferred the image of being tan to taking precautions outdoors.

Skin Cancer Awareness, Attitude and Sun Protection Behavior among Medical Students at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. JAMA Archives of Dermatology 2010 Jul; Vol. 146 (7), pp. 797-800.

Author Affiliations: Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery (Drs. Kirsner and Hu) University of Miami Miller School of Medicine (Ms. Patel and Dr. Rouhani), Miami, Florida; Department of Dermatology, St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital, New York, New York (Dr. Nijhawan); Department of Dermatology, Weill Cornell Medical College Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas (Dr. Stechschulte); Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer- Sheva, Israel (Dr. Parmet).

About American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (AABGU) plays a vital role in sustaining David Ben-Gurion’s vision: creating a world-class institution of education and research in the Israeli desert, nurturing the Negev community and sharing the University’s expertise locally and around the globe. Activities include showcasing BGU’s academic excellence and cutting-edge research through educational programs, events and informative communications. AABGU’s main purpose is to support Ben-Gurion’s vision and the university that bears his name by creating a community of Americans committed to improving the world tomorrow from the heart of the Israeli desert today.

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