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A “Green” Mediterranean Diet Is Healthier

A “Green” Mediterranean Diet Is Healthier

December 11, 2020

Medical Research

Good Housekeeping — There’s a reason why Mediterranean diet plans are consistently ranked the healthiest for people wishing to not only lose weight, but revolutionize their health entirely. At the Good Housekeeping Institute, our registered dietitian crowned the Mediterranean diet this year’s best as the diet’s staples — lean proteins, seafood, crunchy vegetables, and plenty of healthy fats — lead to immense cardiovascular benefits and fights inflammation. Plus, it promotes sustainable weight loss for people who aren’t willing to sacrifice entire food groups (ahem, keto)!

So imagine our delight when a new study, published this month and conducted by a team out of Israel’s Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, claimed that a few small tweaks to the diet may accelerate its effects on heart health.

Prof. Iris Shai

Researchers behind the study, including Prof. Iris Shai (pictured), a faculty member from BGU’s Department of Public Health, call it the “green” Mediterranean diet, a refined version of the diet plan that supercharges your daily meals by asking you to reach for more fiber and less red meat.

What is the diet, exactly?

The updated version requires people to cut red meat almost entirely out of their diet for best results, making more room for fiber and healthy fats sourced from lean protein. To make up for any deficiency, dieters are asked to consume what’s known as Wolffia globosa, or a byproduct of duckweed, an aquatic plant. Plus, you’ll need to incorporate 28g of walnuts per day into your snacking, and consume at least three cups of green tea (if not more).

How to Start a Mediterranean Diet

The researchers arrived at their particular conclusion after a rigorous experiment with 300 different men and women. Participants were split into three groups, asked to follow different diets over the course of 18 months. The first group simply received advice for upping their fitness and eating a healthier diet; the second group, however, was instructed to follow a regular Mediterranean diet and were placed on a calorie-based plan, as well as the same fitness advice. But the third group followed the “green” Mediterranean diet, eating the same amount of calories as the other Med group, albeit with the duckweed protein shake served at dinnertime, green tea throughout the day, added walnuts, and advice to avoid red meat entirely.

Those on the green version of the diet saw the best, most substantial changes to their health six months later; they had the biggest drop in cholesterol and blood pressure. Plus, this group lost roughly 14 pounds in just six months.

Below, Horton walks us through what you need to know about the study’s updated guidelines for Mediterranean diets, plus how you can incorporate a Med-diet-friendly protein shake into your routine.

What is duckweed?

If you haven’t heard of it, you’re not alone. Horton says research published in 2017 put this edible plant-protein, also known as Asian watermeal, on the map for most. A MentalFloss report claims duckweed, which has a flavor profile similar to watercress, is the smallest fruit in the world, but Horton explains that it manages to pack in a lot of protein nonetheless. Researchers have previously found that the protein counts in duckweed can be equal to “40% of [its] dry weight” in some conditions.

“It’s water-based, which is probably the reason why duckweed also manages to be a significant source of omega-3 fatty acids,” Horton adds.

Don’t fret if you can’t find pure duckweed supplement: Horton says you can still pack in extra protein and omega 3s into your routine with a protein shake made with hemp, chia or flax seeds. “Without getting into a nitty-gritty comparison to duckweed, all three of those seeds have high sources of omega 3s in them, and they’re great sources of protein, and they’re widely available to all of us right now.”

What can I eat on the green Mediterranean diet?

While more research needs to be done in order to understand why this version of the Mediterranean diet prompts better results, it’s clear that cutting out any amount of fatty, processed red meats will lead to better health.

Remember: the “green” Mediterranean diet requires you to cut down on red meat for best results, to snack on a few handfuls of walnuts each day, to make a protein shake (either with duckweed protein or a similar substitute), and to drink three or four cups of green tea as well (which is healthier than soda or coffee). Cutting down or eliminating red meat looks different for everyone. Horton says if you can slowly reduce the frequency that you’re eating red meat, that’s a good start.

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